Efficient Interactive LLM Serving with Proxy Model-based Sequence Length Prediction


Large language models (LLMs) have been driving a new wave of interactive AI applications across numerous domains. However, efficiently serving LLM inference requests is challenging due to their unpredictable execution times originating from the autoregressive nature of generative models. Existing LLM serving systems exploit first-come-first-serve (FCFS) scheduling, suffering from head-ofline blocking issues. To address the non-deterministic nature of LLMs and enable efficient interactive LLM serving, we present a speculative shortest-job-first (SSJF) scheduler that uses a light proxy model to predict LLM output sequence lengths. Our open-source SSJF implementation does not require changes to memory management or batching strategies. Evaluations on real-world datasets and production workload traces show that SSJF reduces average job completion times by 30.5–39.6% and increases throughput by 2.2–3.6× compared to FCFS schedulers, across no batching, dynamic batching, and continuous batching settings.

In Proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Cloud Intelligence / AIOps at ASPLOS 2024 (AIOps 2024)